|Table of Contents|

Progress of Research on Vertical Isolation Technology in Structural Engineering(PDF)


Research Field:
Publishing date:


Progress of Research on Vertical Isolation Technology in Structural Engineering
DENG Chang-gen1 ZENG Miao1 XU Zhong-gen2
(1. College of Civil Engineering, Tongji University, Shanghai 200092, China; 2. School of Civil Engineering, Guangzhou University, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, China)
structure engineering vertical isolation isolation technology isolation bearing
In order to promote the application of vertical isolation technology in structural engineering, the research progress on vertical isolation technology at home and abroad was elaborated. The vertical isolation technologies in structural engineering were classified according to energy-dissipating material, structural configuration, and isolation mechanism. Typical isolation technologies such as rubber vertical isolation bearing, spring vertical isolation bearing, pneumatic or hydraulic vertical bearing and some new isolation technology were introduced, and their developments, structural forms, isolation performances, optimization were summarized and compared. Based on literature review, the development direction and focus of vertical isolation technology in the future were put forward. The results show that the rubber vertical isolation bearing has stable performance and low cost, but its energy dissipation capacity is medium and its vertical isolation performance is limited; the spring vertical isolation bearing has good performance, and its theoretical research and engineering application are mature and universal, which are suitable for popularization; the performance of pneumatic or hydraulic vertical isolation bearings is excellent, but the requirement of sealing cylinder is high, the cost is expensive and the maintenance is difficult; some new vertical isolation bearings only stay in the stage of theoretical and experimental research, because of its complex structure and high cost, it is difficult to be applied in practical engineering. The relevant conclusions can provide support for the development of vertical isolation technology.


[1] 薛素铎,赵 均,高向宇.建筑抗震设计[M].3版.北京:科学出版社,2012.
XUE Su-duo,ZHAO Jun,GAO Xiang-yu.Seismic Design of Buildings[M].3rd ed.Beijing:Science Press,2012.
[2]MAKRIS N.Seismic Isolation:Early History[J].Earthquake Engineering and Structural Dynamics,2019,48(2):269-283.
XU Wei-zhi,WANG Shu-guang,DU Dong-sheng,et al.Finite Element Analysis for Multi-dimensional Seismic Response of Long-span Isolated Structures[J].Journal of Nanjing Tech University:Natural Science Edition,2017,39(4):131-137,142.
[4]党 育,霍凯成.多层隔震结构的竖向地震作用研究[J].地震工程与工程振动,2010,30(4):139-145.
DANG Yu,HUO Kai-cheng.Vertical Earthquake Responses of Multi-story Isolated Buildings[J].Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Dynamics,2010,30(4):139-145.
[5]ELGAMAL A,HE L C.Vertical Earthquake Ground Motion Records:An Overview[J].Journal of Earthquake Engineering,2004,8(5):663-697.
XIE Jun-ju,WEN Zeng-ping,GAO Meng-tan,et al.Characteristics of Near-fault Vertical and Horizontal Ground Motion from the 2008 Wenchuan Earthquake[J].Chinese Journal of Geophysics,2010,53(8):1796-1805.
[7]PAPAZOGLOU A J,ELNASHAI A S.Analytical and Field Evidence of the Damaging Effect of Vertical Earthquake Ground Motion[J].Earthquake Engineering & Structural Dynamics,1996,25(10):1109-1137.
[8]KUNNATH S K,ERDURAN E,CHAI Y H,et al.Effect of Near-fault Vertical Ground Motions on Seismic Response of Highway Overcrossings[J].Journal of Bridge Engineering,2008,13(3):282-290.
[9]SEIGENTHALER R.Earthquake-proof Building Supporting Structure with Shock Absorbing Damping Elements[J].Schweizerische Bauzeitung,1970,20:211-219.
[10]唐家祥,李 黎,李英杰,等.叠层橡胶基础隔震房屋结构设计与研究[J].建筑结构学报,1996,17(2):37-47,79.
TANG Jia-xiang,LI Li,LI Ying-jie,et al.Design and Research of Base-isolated Building with Laminated Rubber Bearings[J].Journal of Building Structures,1996,17(2):37-47,79.
ZHU Hong-ping,TANG Jia-xiang.Vibrational Transmission Characteristics of Laminated Rubber Bearing[J].Engineering Mechanics,1995,12(4):109-114.
ZHOU Fu-lin.Engineering Structural Vibration Control[M].Beijing:Seismological Press,1997.
XU Zhong-gen,ZHOU Fu-lin.Dynamic Analysis of the First Rubber Bearing Isolated Dwelling of Our Country[J].World Earthquake Engineering,1996(1):38-42.
[14]冼巧玲,周福霖,王 伟.橡胶垫隔震框架结构试验研究[J].世界地震工程,1996(2):23-28.
XIAN Qiao-ling,ZHOU Fu-lin,WANG Wei.Testing Investigation for Building Frame with Isolating Rubber Bearings[J].World Earthquake Engineering,1996(2):23-28.
YAN Xue-yuan,ZHANG Yong-shan,WANG Huan-ding,et al.Experimental Study on Mechanical Properties of Three Kinds of Three-dimensional Base Isolation and Overturn-resistance Devices[J].Journal of Vibration and Shock,2009,28(10):49-53,224.
[16]魏陆顺,周福霖,任 珉,等.三维隔震(振)支座的工程应用与现场测试[J].地震工程与工程振动,2007,27(3):121-125.
WEI Lu-shun,ZHOU Fu-lin,REN Min,et al.Application of Three-dimensional Seismic and Vibration Isolator to Building and Site Test[J].Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Dynamics,2007,27(3):121-125.
[17]WEI L S,ZHOU F L,TAN P,et al.Research and Application on Three-dimensional Seismic and Vibration Isolation for Building[J].Journal of Harbin Institute of Technology:New Series,2011,18(1):62-66.
[18]FUJITA T,NAKAJIMA K,SUGIMOTO H,et al.A 3-D Isolation Floor with a Direction Converter or Vibration for Vertical Isolation[C]//ASME.Proceedings of the 3rd Symposium on Seismic Vibration and Shock Isolation.Honoluu:ASME,1989:43-48.
[19]YOO B,KOH H M,YUN C B,et al.Applications and Development in Base Isolation and Passive Energy Dissipation for Civil and Nuclear Structures in Korea[C]//KOH H M,MARTELLI A.Proceedings of the International Post-SMiRT Conference Seminar.Cheju:SMiRT-15,1999:117-130.
[20]KITAMURA S,NAKATOGAWA T,MIYAMOTO A,et al.Experimental Study on Coned Disk Springs for Vertical Seismic Isolation System[C]//CAME.Transactions of 17th International Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology(SMiRT-17).Prague:CAME,2003:K10-2.
[21]SOMAKI T,MIYAMOTO A.The Investigation About Embodiment of Vertical Isolation Structure[M].Ibaraki:Japan Nuclear Cycle Development Institute,2004.
XIONG Shi-shu.Theoretical and Experimental Research of Three-dimensional Seismic Base Isolation System[D].Wuhan:Huazhong University of Science and Technology,2004.
[23]张玉敏,苏幼坡,梁 军,等.碟形弹簧竖向减震装置的研究[J].哈尔滨工业大学学报,2005,37(12):1678-1680,1697.
ZHANG Yu-min,SU You-po,LIANG Jun,et al.A Study on Vertical Seismic Isolation System by Disk Spring[J].Journal of Harbin Institute of Technology,2005,37(12):1678-1680,1697.
ZHAO Ya-min,SU Jing-yu,ZHOU Xi-yuan,et al.Shaking Table Test and Numerical Analysis of Vertical-isolated Building Model with Combined Disk Spring Bearing[J].Journal of Building Structures,2008,29(6):99-106.
[25]ZHAO Y M,SU J Y,LU M.Experimental Study on Three-dimensional Base-isolated Model with 3DIB[J].Advanced Materials Research,2011,255-260:2325-2329.
[26]杨 琼,郭阳照,付 航,等.阵列碟簧柱支座竖向隔震性能试验研究[J].建筑结构,2017,47(增2):330-335.
YANG Qiong,GUO Yang-zhao,FU Hang,et al.Experimental Study on Vertical Isolation Performance of Vertical Seismic Isolation Bearing of Disc Spring Column[J].Building Structure,2017,47(S2):330-335.
[27]OU J P,JIA J F.Seismic Performance of a Novel 3D Isolation System on Continuous Bridges[J].Proceedings of SPIE,2010,7643:764304.
[28]贾俊峰,欧进萍,刘 明,等.新型三维隔震装置力学性能试验研究[J].土木建筑与环境工程,2012,34(1):29-34,53.
JIA Jun-feng,OU Jin-ping,LIU Ming,et al.Mechanical Performance Test of a Novel Three-dimensional Isolation Bearing[J].Journal of Civil,Architectural & Environmental Engineering,2012,34(1):29-34,53.
CHEN Xiao-cheng.Dynamic Responses Analysis of the Structure with Base-isolation System Under the Action of Vertical Earthquake[D].Guangzhou:South China University of Technology,2011.
SHANG Shou-ping,CUI Xiang-long.Experimental Study of Isolation Performance of a New Type of Three-dimensional Isolation Pier[J].Journal of Hefei University of Technology:Natural Science,2016,39(4):514-517.
[31]尚守平,王 振,尹 奋.新型三维隔震墩隔震单元参数设计研究[J].地震工程与工程振动,2017,37(4):104-111.
SHANG Shou-ping,WANG Zhen,YIN Fen.Research on Design of Element of the Seismic Isolation for a New Three-dimensional Seismic Isolation Pier[J].Earthquake Engineering and Engineering Dynamics,2017,37(4):104-111.
[32]ZHENG Y S,ZHANG X N,LUO Y J,et al.Design and Experiment of a High-static-low-dynamic Stiffness Isolator Using a Negative Stiffness Magnetic Spring[J].Journal of Sound and Vibration,2016,360:31-52.
[33]LE T D,AHN K K.Experimental Investigation of a Vibration Isolation System Using Negative Stiffness Structure[J].International Journal of Mechanical Sciences,2013,70:99-112.
[34]MARGIELEWICZ J,GASKA D,LITAK G.Evolution of the Geometric Structure of Strange Attractors of a Quasi-zero Stiffness Vibration Isolator[J].Chaos,Solitons and Fractals,2019,118:47-57.
[35]LIU D W,LIU Y,SHENG D F,et al.Seismic Response Analysis of an Isolated Structure with QZS Under Near-fault Vertical Earthquakes[J].Shock and Vibration,2018,2018:1-12.
[36]KASHIWAZAKI A,TANAKA M,TOKUDA N,et al.Test of Seismic Isolation Floor System by Using 3-dimensional Isolator[C]//WCEE.Proceedings of the Ninth World Conference on Earthquake Engineering.New York:WCEE,1989:845-850.
[37]URIU M,YAMAMOTO M,SHINZAWA K,et al.Three-dimensional Seismic Isolation Floor System Using Air Spring and Its Installation into a Nuclear Facility[C]//MPA.Transaction of the 12th International Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology(SMiRT).Stuttgart:MPA,1993:363-368.
[38]KAGEYAMA M,IBA T,UMEKI K,et al.Development of Three-dimensional Base Isolation System with Cable Reinforcing Air Spring[C]//CAME.Transactions of 17th International Conference on Structural Mechanics in Reactor Technology(SMiRT-17).Prague:CAME,2003:K09-5.
[39]FUJITA S,MINAGAWA K,TANAKA G,et al.Intelligent Seismic Isolation System Using Air Bearings and Earthquake Early Warning[J].Soil Dynamics and Earthquake Engineering,2011,31(2):223-230.
[40]TOMIZAWA T,TAKAHASHI O,AIDA H,et al.Vibration Test in a Building Named “Chisuikan” Using Three-dimensional Seismic Isolation System[C]//WCSI.Proceedings of the 13th World Conference on Seismic Isolation.Sendai:WCSI,2013:1-8.
XU Zhao-dong.Experiment and Study About the(Lead)Viscoelastic Structure[D].Xi'an:Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology,2001.
XU Zhao-dong.Stepping into New Era of Viscoelastic Damper Technique[J].Architecture Technology,2009,40(6):527-530.
[43]李 剑.一种新型带阻尼竖向隔震支座:中国,CN 205189126U[P]. 2016-04-27.
LI Jian.A New Type of Vertical Isolation Bearing with Damping:China,CN 205189126U[P]. 2016-04-27.
[44]郭阳照,潘 毅,吴 体,等.新型内置挤压铅消能件竖向隔震墩的设计原理与减震性能分析[J].土木工程学报,2016,49(增1):119-124.
GUO Yang-zhao,PAN Yi,WU Ti,et al.Design Principle and Seismic Performance Analysis of a Vertical Isolation Pier with Lead Extrusion Damping Component[J].China Civil Engineering Journal,2016,49(S1):119-124.
[45]刘 逸.集合球竖向隔震筒的力学性能试验研究[D].广州:广州大学,2017.
LIU Yi.Experimental Study on Mechanical Properties of Collecting Ball Vertical Isolation Tube[D].Guangzhou:Guangzhou University,2017.
[46]夏 昌,傅大宝,刘少克.基于电磁悬浮技术的结构竖向隔震系统研究[J].土木工程学报,2014,47(增1):197-201.
XIA Chang,FU Da-bao,LIU Shao-ke.Research on Structural Vertical-isolation System Based on Electro Magnetic Levitation Technique[J].China Civil Engineering Journal,2014,47(S1):197-201.
[47]姜 袁.碟式竖向隔震耗能阻尼器:中国,CN 2602085Y[P].2004-02-04.
JIANG Yuan.Disc-type Vertical Isolation Energy Dissipation Damper:China,CN 2602085Y[P].2004-02-04.
HUANG Yong-lin.Review and Prospect for Study and Application of Base Vibration Isolation[J].Journal of Seismology,1998(4):58-66.
[49]SATO T.Earthquake Insulating Building Structure:US,4707956[P].1987-11-24.
[50]TUCCHIO M A,LAFRENIERE R A.Shock Isolation Method and Apparatus:US,5478058[P].1995-12-26.


Last Update: 2019-07-26