|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]黄 华,刘伯权,张彬彬,等.钢筋混凝土抗震框架连续倒塌行为分析[J].建筑科学与工程学报,2014,31(04):35-44.
 HUANG Hua,LIU Bo-quan,ZHANG Bin-bin,et al.Analysis of Progressive Collapse Behavior of Earthquakeresistant Reinforced Concrete Frame[J].Journal of Architecture and Civil Engineering,2014,31(04):35-44.
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《建筑科学与工程学报》[ISSN:1673-2049/CN:61-1442/TU]

卷:
31卷
期数:
2014年04期
页码:
35-44
栏目:
出版日期:
2014-12-17

文章信息/Info

Title:
Analysis of Progressive Collapse Behavior of Earthquakeresistant Reinforced Concrete Frame
作者:
黄 华刘伯权张彬彬吴 涛
长安大学建筑工程学院
Author(s):
HUANG Hua LIU Bo-quan ZHANG Bin-bin WU Tao
School of Civil Engineering, Chang’an University
关键词:
结构工程钢筋混凝土抗震框架连续倒塌有限元分析弯曲破坏剪切破坏
Keywords:
civil engineering earthquakeresistant RC frame progressive collapse finite element analysis bending failure shear failure
分类号:
-
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
以某抗震设防框架为研究对象,采用SAP2000有限元软件,依次拆除底层纵向边柱、横向边柱、角柱和内柱,研究抗震框架的倒塌破坏行为。以做功平衡原理建立了柱失效处梁配筋调整计算公式,并进行了配筋调整设计。结果表明:7度和8度抗震设防的框架结构仍会发生连续性倒塌,但是抗倒塌能力随着设防等级的提高而提高,抗震设计不能够完全替代抗倒塌设计;柱失效导致结构发生连续坍塌破坏的危险性由小到大依次为内柱、横向边柱、纵向边柱、角柱;梁铰机制在结构抗倒塌中的作用尤其重要,倒塌破坏时以梁的弯曲破坏为主,剪切破坏较少出现;线弹性静力分析计算的供需比最大值一般出现在失效柱上一层的相邻梁上,而非线性静力分析的最大破坏出现在与失效柱相连的梁上,但是二者对结构可能的失效位置判断基本一致。
Abstract:
Using the finite element software SAP2000, progressive collapse behavior of the earthquakeresistant reinforced concrete (RC) frame was investigated when its longitudinal peripheralcolumn, transverse peripheralcolumn, cornercolumn, and interiorcolumn were removed in turn. Based on energy balance principle, the formula of the adjustment of the steel bars of the beams connected with the failure column was proposed, and the adjustment design was done. The results show that RC frame structures in zones with seismic intensity Ⅶ or Ⅷ could develop progressive collapse,but their collapse resistance will improve with the increasing of their seismic performance levels, and seismic design can not eventually replace anticollapse design. The dangers of the structure progressive collapse caused by column failure from small to big is interiorcolumn removing, transverse peripheralcolumn removing, longitudinal peripheralcolumn removing, cornercolumn removing. The beamhinge mechanism is especially important in the collapse of the structures. The main failure is the bending failure of beams, not the shear failure of beams, when the collapse happens. The maximum value of the ratio of supply and demand calculated with the linear elastic static mechanical analysis method appears in the beams which connect the column that is above the failure column. Moreover, the greatest damage of the structure analyzed with nonlinear static mechanical analysis method appears in the beams which connect with the failure column. But the two results of the judgment of the structures failure position are basically identical.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
更新日期/Last Update: 2014-12-18