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[1]亓兴军,赵 越,赵 奇.基于模态挠度的斜交桥静载试验数值方法[J].建筑科学与工程学报,2020,37(03):55-62.[doi:10.19815/j.jace.2019.10060]
 QI Xing-jun,ZHAO Yue,ZHAO Qi.Numerical Method of Static Load Test for Skew Bridge Based on Modal Deflection[J].Journal of Architecture and Civil Engineering,2020,37(03):55-62.[doi:10.19815/j.jace.2019.10060]
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基于模态挠度的斜交桥静载试验数值方法(PDF)
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《建筑科学与工程学报》[ISSN:1673-2049/CN:61-1442/TU]

卷:
37卷
期数:
2020年03期
页码:
55-62
栏目:
出版日期:
2020-05-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Numerical Method of Static Load Test for Skew Bridge Based on Modal Deflection
文章编号:
1673-2049(2020)03-0055-08
作者:
亓兴军12赵 越12赵 奇12
(1. 山东建筑大学 交通工程学院,山东 济南 250101; 2. 山东建筑大学 山东省高校土木结构防灾减灾协同创新中心,山东 济南 250101)
Author(s):
QI Xing-jun12 ZHAO Yue12 ZHAO Qi12
(1. School of Transportation Engineering, Shandong Jianzhu University, Jinan 250101, Shandong, China; 2. Shandong Co-innovation Center for Disaster Prevention and Mitigation of Civil Structures, Shandong Jianzhu University, Jinan 250101, Shandong, China)
关键词:
模态挠度 斜交桥 误差分析 位移柔度矩阵 静载试验
Keywords:
modal deflection skew bridge error analysis displacement flexibility matrix static load test
分类号:
TU973.2
DOI:
10.19815/j.jace.2019.10060
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
为了探讨不中断交通情况下进行桥梁静载试验的可行性,以斜交简支空心板桥龙山桥为研究对象,研究基于模态挠度的静载试验应用于斜交板桥承载力评估的计算精度问题。首先利用环境激励获得桥梁在运营状态下的模态参数,再采用附加质量法对桥梁模态振型进行质量归一化,计算桥梁的位移柔度矩阵,最后利用位移柔度矩阵和等效荷载分配的方法计算桥梁的模态挠度。建立龙山桥的有限元梁格计算模型,根据荷载试验规程设计了静载试验中载和偏载2个加载工况,利用龙山桥的前5阶模态参数计算位移柔度矩阵,预测桥梁在2个加载工况下各控制截面的模态挠度,并与有限元模型计算挠度和实测挠度相对比。结果表明:中载工况下模态挠度与计算挠度相比,相对误差均小于5%,控制截面最大计算相对误差为3.55%; 偏载工况下模态挠度与计算挠度相比,相对误差均小于6%,控制截面最大相对误差为5.15%,能够满足工程精度要求; 模态挠度能够有效代替桥梁静载试验的实测静载挠度,利用模态挠度评估桥梁承载力具有较强的有效性和可行性。
Abstract:
In order to explore the feasibility of carrying out bridge static load test under traffic excitation, taking the Longshan bridge,a skew simply supported hollow slab bridge, as the study object, the calculation accuracy of applying static load test based on modal deflection method to the bearing capacity evaluation of skew slab bridge was studied. Firstly, the modal parameters of the bridge under the operation state were obtained by using environmental excitation. Then the modal shapes of the bridge were normalized by using the additional mass method, and the displacement compliance matrix of the bridge was calculated. Finally the modal deflection of the bridge was calculated by using the displacement compliance matrix and the equivalent load distribution method. The finite element beam lattice calculation model of Longshan bridge was established. According to the load test method, two loading conditions of static load test and eccentric load were designed. The displacement flexibility matrix was calculated by using the first fifth modal parameters of Longshan bridge. The modal deflections of each control section of the bridge under the two loading conditions were predicted, and compared with the calculated deflection of the finite element model and measured deflection. The results show that, compared with the calculated deflection, the error of the medium load condition is less than 5% and the maximum calculation error of the control section is 3.55%. Compared with the calculated deflection, the error of the partial load condition is less than 6%, and the maximum error of the control section is 5.15%, which can meet the engineering precision requirements. The modal deflection can effectively replace the measured static deflection of bridge static load test,and it is effective and feasible to use modal deflection to evaluate bridge bearing capacity.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-08-24
基金项目:山东省高等学校土木结构防灾减灾协同创新中心项目(XTM201904); 山东省交通科技计划项目(2019Y10); 国家自然科学基金项目(51178258)
作者简介:亓兴军(1974-),男,山东济南人,教授,工学博士,E-mail:qxj123@163.com。
更新日期/Last Update: 2020-06-08