|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]刘加平,董 晓.秦岭山地历史文化名镇空间演变及延展模式[J].建筑科学与工程学报,2019,36(02):1-9.
 LIU Jia-ping,DONG Xiao.Spatial Evolution and Extension Model of Historical and Cultural Towns in Qinling Mountains[J].Journal of Architecture and Civil Engineering,2019,36(02):1-9.
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秦岭山地历史文化名镇空间演变及延展模式(PDF)
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《建筑科学与工程学报》[ISSN:1673-2049/CN:61-1442/TU]

卷:
36卷
期数:
2019年02期
页码:
1-9
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-03-26

文章信息/Info

Title:
Spatial Evolution and Extension Model of Historical and Cultural Towns in Qinling Mountains
文章编号:
1673-2049(2019)02-0001-09
作者:
刘加平1董 晓2
(1. 西安建筑科技大学 建筑学院,陕西 西安 710055; 2. 长安大学 建筑学院,陕西 西安 710061)
Author(s):
LIU Jia-ping1 DONG Xiao2
(1. College of Architecture, Xi'an University of Architecture and Technology, Xi'an 710055, Shaanxi, China; 2. School of Architecture, Chang'an University, Xi'an 710061, Shaanxi, China)
关键词:
秦岭 历史文化名镇 空间演变 机理 模式
Keywords:
Qinling historical and cultural town spatial evolution mechanism model
分类号:
TU982.29
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
通过对秦岭山地历史文化名镇的发展历程和空间演变分析,掌握秦岭山地名镇空间的演变机理,指导和预测秦岭山地名镇未来的发展方向。对秦岭山地历史文化名镇由古至今的发展演变历程进行深入分析,掌握秦岭山地历史文化名镇整体空间演变的客观规律,即用地充裕时镇区空间呈圈层式递进发展,当受山河水体限制时会沿山顺河呈带状发展,再到跨跃式发展,镇区整体空间随着时间呈现从小到大不断扩张。通过深入剖析秦岭山地名镇空间要素“核、形、度”与影响名镇空间演变的自然条件、人文环境及社会经济等因素之间的相互影响关系,发现秦岭山地名镇空间演变具有与树木年轮生长、记录信息,以及在不同因素影响下的成长历程具有相似性,得出秦岭山地名镇空间演变的“类年轮演变机理”。秦岭山地名镇空间类年轮演变具有时空的渐进性、方向的不均衡性和形态的不均匀性等特征。最后,提出了适合于秦岭山地历史文化名镇空间延展的类圈层、双轴向和多组团模式,并从各发展模式的特征及功能布局进行解析。
Abstract:
Based on the analysis of the development process and spatial evolution of famous historical and cultural towns in Qinling Mountains, the spatial evolution mechanism of famous towns in Qinling Mountains was grasped, the future development direction of famous towns in Qinling Mountains was guided and predicted. Through in-depth analysis of the development and evolution of famous historical and cultural towns in Qinling Mountains from ancient times to present, the objective law of the overall spatial evolution of famous historical and cultural towns in Qinling Mountains is as follows: when land is abundant, the town space develops in circles, when restricted by mountains and rivers, it will develop along the mountains and rivers in a zonal way, and then to a leap-forward development. Through in-depth analysis of the three elements of space of famous towns in Qinling Mountains, namely “core, shape and degree”, and the interaction between the three elements and the natural conditions, human environment and socio-economic factors affecting the spatial evolution of famous towns, it is found that the spatial evolution of famous towns in Qinling Mountains is similar to the growth of tree rings, the recording of information and the growth process under the influence of different factors, the “Ring-like Evolution Mechanism” of the spatial evolution of famous towns in Qinling is put forward. The evolution of spatial rings in famous towns in Qinling Mountains is characterized by the gradual evolution of time and space, the imbalance of direction and the non-uniformity of form. Finally, the circle-like, bi-axial and multi-group modes suitable for the spatial extension of famous historical and cultural towns in Qinling Mountains were put forward, and the characteristics and functional layout of each development mode were analyzed.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2018-08-13
基金项目:“十二五”村镇建设领域国家科技计划项目(2015BAL01B02-01)
作者简介:刘加平(1956-),男,陕西大荔人,教授,博士研究生导师,中国工程院院士,工学博士,E-mail:896086193@qq.com。
通信作者:董 晓(1985-),女,山西运城人,工学博士研究生,E-mail:564939518@qq.com。
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-03-27