|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]雷 旭,陈政清,华旭刚,等.风雨耦合作用下桥梁主梁涡振节段模型试验[J].建筑科学与工程学报,2018,35(03):54-62.
 LEI Xu,CHEN Zheng-qing,HUA Xu-gang,et al.Experiment on Vortex Vibration of Bridge Main Girder’s Section Model Under Coupling Effect of Wind and Rain[J].Journal of Architecture and Civil Engineering,2018,35(03):54-62.
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风雨耦合作用下桥梁主梁涡振节段模型试验(PDF)
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《建筑科学与工程学报》[ISSN:1673-2049/CN:61-1442/TU]

卷:
35卷
期数:
2018年03期
页码:
54-62
栏目:
出版日期:
2018-05-30

文章信息/Info

Title:
Experiment on Vortex Vibration of Bridge Main Girder’s Section Model Under Coupling Effect of Wind and Rain
作者:
雷 旭陈政清华旭刚黄智文聂 铭肖 凯
广东电网有限责任公司电力科学研究院
Author(s):
LEI Xu CHEN Zheng-qing HUA Xu-gang HUANG Zhi-wenNIE Ming XIAO Kai
Electric Power Research Institute of Guangdong Power Grid Co. Ltd.
关键词:
桥梁工程主梁风雨耦合作用相似比动力特性涡激振动
Keywords:
bridge engineering main girder coupling effect of wind and rain similarity ratio dynamic characteristics vortex induced vibration
分类号:
-
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
针对风雨耦合作用下桥梁主梁的涡激振动问题,首先从降雨特性及其对结构的作用入手,考虑雨滴冲击和降雨引起的结构表面积水,探讨了对应模型与原型雨强相似比,并依据主梁振动和降雨设备的特点对相似关系作了适当简化,然后以4类典型主梁断面为例,实现了不同雨强和攻角下的节段模型动力特性与涡激振动试验。结果表明:随着雨强增大,结构振动频率有所降低,而阻尼比有所增加,试验雨强为120 mm·h-1时,频率降低1.5%~3.5%,阻尼比增加了0.05%~0.15%,考虑雨强相似比后实际降雨对频率的影响可忽略,对阻尼比的影响也相当小;涡振的起始和结束风速以及区间数目基本不随雨强的变化而变化,但有雨时的振幅比无雨时小,试验雨强较大时,振幅减小明显,考虑雨强相似比后试验雨强120 mm·h-1的原型值均超过615 mm·h-1左右的中国雨强极值,其对涡振响应的影响非常有限。
Abstract:
Aiming at the problem that bridge girder’s vortex vibration during coupling effect of wind and rain, firstly, according to the characteristics of rainfall and its effect on structure, the rain intensity similarity ratio between model and the prototype was discussed respectively with the angle of rain drop impact and structure’s surface water accumulation caused by rainfall, and the corresponding simplified rain intensity similarity ratio was derived on the basis of the characteristics of the main girder’s vibration and the rainfall equipment. Then, section models of four typical main girders were taken as the example to test dynamic characteristics and vortex induced vibration under different rainfall intensity and attack angle. The results show that the structure’s natural frequency decreases and damping ratio increases with the increase of rainfall intensity respectively. When the test rainfall intensity is 120 mm·h-1, the frequency reduces by 1.5%-3.5%, and the damping ratio increases by 0.05%-0.15%. Considering the similarity ratio of rainfall intensity, the actual rainfall’s effect on frequency can be neglected, and its effect on damping ratio is also very small. The initial and ending wind speeds and the number of intervals of vortex vibration don’t change with the change of rainfall intensity. The amplitude of the vortex vibration under coupling effect of wind and rain is less than the result of no rainfall. In the experiment, the reduction is very obvious under heavy rain, but considering the similarity law of rainfall intensity used, the prototype value of experimental rainfall intensity of 120 mm·h-1 exceeds the extreme rainfall intensity of 615 mm·h-1 in China, so the actual rainfalls have very limited influence on the response of the vortex vibration.

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备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
更新日期/Last Update: 2018-05-31