|本期目录/Table of Contents|

[1]石谦飞,景一帆,张潇宁,等.平遥古城信仰建筑的空间文化特征[J].建筑科学与工程学报,2019,36(06):119-126.
 SHI Qian-fei,JING Yi-fan,ZHANG Xiao-ning,et al.Spatiality Cultural Characteristics of Belief Architecture in Pingyao Ancient City[J].Journal of Architecture and Civil Engineering,2019,36(06):119-126.
点击复制

平遥古城信仰建筑的空间文化特征(PDF)
分享到:

《建筑科学与工程学报》[ISSN:1673-2049/CN:61-1442/TU]

卷:
36卷
期数:
2019年06期
页码:
119-126
栏目:
出版日期:
2019-11-25

文章信息/Info

Title:
Spatiality Cultural Characteristics of Belief Architecture in Pingyao Ancient City
文章编号:
1673-2049(2019)06-0119-08
作者:
石谦飞景一帆张潇宁李昉芳朱向东
(太原理工大学 建筑学院,山西 太原 030024)
Author(s):
SHI Qian-fei JING Yi-fan ZHANG Xiao-ning LI Fang-fang ZHU Xiang-dong
(College of Architecture, Taiyuan University of Technology, Taiyuan 030024, Shanxi, China)
关键词:
历史城镇 信仰建筑 空间文化特征 平遥古城 文化载体
Keywords:
historic city belief architecture spatiality cultural characteristic Pingyao ancient city cultural carrier
分类号:
TU98
DOI:
-
文献标志码:
A
摘要:
针对平遥古城信仰建筑在经济社会大发展的背景下作为重要文化载体受到较大冲击的现状,通过挖掘平遥古城信仰建筑空间蕴含的历史文化内涵,归纳其特征,使信仰建筑空间保持自身文化载体的功能,将古城文脉更好地融入城市公共生活,带动区域活化发展。在前期文献典籍研究、实地调研、信息归纳整理的基础上,总结了平遥古城信仰建筑空间的历史和现状; 分析得出了平遥古城信仰建筑空间在宏观、中观、微观3种不同尺度视角下的文化特征,包含布局特征、类型特征及其形成的内涵因素,并结合国内外研究现状,提出了保护与开发的建议。结果表明:平遥古城信仰建筑在宏观布局上体现出宗法性与合礼性、多元性与开放性特征,在中观上体现出了亲和性与节点性、实用性与功利性特征,在微观上体现了信仰对象的融合性与杂糅性特征; 所得结论有利于理解中华古代信仰文化,为保护信仰建筑空间和继承非物质文化遗产提供理论根据,为探索历史城镇的活化发展途径提供参考。
Abstract:
Against the background of the great economic and social development of Pingyao ancient city belief architecture, as an important cultural carrier, were greatly impacted. Through exploring the historical and cultural connotation of the belief architecture space in Pingyao ancient city, the characteristics were summarized, which could maintain its own function of cultural carrier. It continued the context of the ancient city to better integrate into urban public life, and promoted regional activation and development. On the basis of the previous literature research, field investigation and information induction, the history and present situation of belief architecture space in Pingyao ancient city were summarized. The cultural characteristics of the belief architecture space in Pingyao ancient city were analyzed from three different scales: macroscopic, mesoscopic and microscopic perspectives, including layout characteristics, type characteristics and connotative factors of its formation. Combined with the current research status at home and abroad, the suggestions and development were put forward. The results show that the belief architecture in Pingyao ancient city embody and characteristics of patriarchal clan system and courtesy, pluralism and openness in macro layout, affinity and node, practicality and utility on the medium level, integration and mixture of belief objects on the micro level. The conclusion is helpful to understand ancient Chinese belief culture, provide theoretical basis for protecting belief architecture space and inheriting intangible cultural heritage. It provides reference for the activation and development of historical towns.

参考文献/References:

[1] 董剑云,董培良.平遥古城文化史韵[M].太原:山西经济出版社,2017.
DONG Jian-yun,DONG Pei-liang.Cultural History of Pingyao Ancient City[M].Taiyuan:Shanxi Economic Press,2017.
[2]刘敦桢.中国古代建筑史[M].北京:中国建筑工业出版社,1980.
LIU Dun-zhen.History of Ancient Chinese Architecture[M].Beijing:China Architecture & Building Press,1980.
[3]焦 洋.平遥古建筑大木构件装饰研究[D].重庆:重庆大学,2006.
JIAO Yang.The Research on Ornamentation Embodied in Wooden Structure Components of Pingyao Ancient Architecture[D].Chongqing:Chongqing University,2006.
[4]赵万民,余 佳.古镇保护中非物质文化遗产的解读与传承[J].小城镇建设,2008(12):32-37.
ZHAO Wan-min,YU Jia.Interpretation and Inheritance of Intangible Cultural Heritage in Ancient Town Protection[J].Development of Small Cities & Towns,2008(12):32-37.
[5]王金平,李会智,徐 强.山西古建筑(上册)[M].北京:中国建筑工业出版社,2015.
WANG Jin-ping,LI Hui-zhi,XU Qiang.Shanxi Ancient Architecture(Volume Ⅰ)[M].Beijing:China Architecture & Building Press,2015.
[6]GAO J,ZHANG J,DAI F.Space Organization and Representation of Chinese Etiquette Culture in the Ancient Pingyao City[J].Journal of The Japanese Institute of Landscape Architecture,2007,70(5):385-390.
[7]陈旭霞.中国民间信仰[M].石家庄:河北人民出版社,2013.
CHEN Xu-xia.Chinese Folk Beliefs[M].Shijiazhuang:Hebei People's Publishing House,2013.
[8]李定武.文化平遥[M].太原:山西古籍出版社,2007.
LI Ding-wu.Cultural Pingyao[M].Taiyuan:Shanxi Ancient Books Publishing House,2007.
[9]杨清虎.神体儒用:儒学与民间信仰的融会[J].宁夏社会科学,2017(3):161-167.
YANG Qing-hu.Theological Confucianism:Integration of Confucianism and Folk Belief[J].Social Sciences in Ningxia,2017(3):161-167.
[10]赵向东,王其亨.“世间万事纷如此,求其定论将谁从”——中国传统建筑归类的通约性探析[J].建筑学报,2012(增2):44-48.
ZHAO Xiang-dong,WANG Qi-heng.“Have Need to Set up Clear Rules over Names of Type?”:Analysis of Vagueness Phenomenon of Architectural Types in Chinese Traditional Architecture[J].Architectural Journal,2012(S2):44-48.
[11]LIAN H.The Outline of Chinese Traditional Concept of Etiquette and Its Modern Effects[J].Asian Social Science,2011,7(8):256-259.
[12]BROWN P L.Living History — The Walled City of Pingyao Offers a Rare Glimpse into China's Past[J].Architectural Digest,2007,64(12):156.
[13]SHARMA A K.Historic City — A Case of Resilient Built Environment[J].Procedia Engineering,2017,180:1103-1109.
[14]WANG S.Tradition,Memory and the Culture of Place:Continuity and Change in the Ancient City of Pingyao,China[D].Denver:University of Colorado Denver,2008.
[15]陈育霞.诺伯格·舒尔茨的“场所和场所精神”理论及其批判[J].建筑科学与工程学报,2003,20(4):30-33.
CHEN Yu-xia.Introduction and Criticism of Norberg Schulz's “Place and Place Spirit” Theory[J].Journal of Architecture and Civil Engineering,2003,20(4):30-33.
[16]孙和相,戴 震.汾州府志·平遥编[M].太原:三晋出版社,2013.
SUN He-xiang,DAI Zhen.Fenzhou Prefecture Records:Pingyao Edition [M].Taiyuan:Sanjin Publishing House,2013.
[17]王 绶,康乃心.平遥县志(康熙四十六年八卷本)[M].太原:山西经济出版社,2008.
WANG Shou,KANG Nai-xin.Pingyao County Records(Eight Volumes of Kangxi Forty-six Years)[M].Taiyuan:Shanxi Economic Press,2013.
[18]ZEAYTER H,MANSOUR A.Heritage Conservation Ideologies Analysis — Historic Urban Landscape Approach for a Mediterranean Historic City Case Study[J].HBRC Journal,2018,14(3):345-356.

相似文献/References:

备注/Memo

备注/Memo:
收稿日期:2019-03-27
基金项目:国家社会科学基金项目(15BG097)
作者简介:石谦飞(1965-),男,江苏江阴人,副教授,E-mail:shiqianfei@163.com。
更新日期/Last Update: 2019-11-26